Custom Images

This document will help you get a CAPC Kubernetes cluster up and running with your custom image.

Prebuilt Images

An image defines the operating system and Kubernetes components that will populate the disk of each node in your cluster.

As of now, prebuilt images for KVM, VMware and XenServer are available here

Building a custom image

Cluster API uses the Kubernetes Image Builder tools. You should use the QEMU images from that project as a starting point for your custom image.

The Image Builder Book explains how to build the images defined in that repository, with instructions for CloudStack CAPI Images in particular.

The image is built using KVM hypervisor as a qcow2 image. Depending on they hypervisor requirements, it can then converted into ova for VMware and vhd for XenServer via the script.

Operating system requirements

For your custom image to work with Cluster API, it must meet the operating system requirements of the bootstrap provider. For example, the default kubeadm bootstrap provider has a set of preflight checks that a VM is expected to pass before it can join the cluster.

Kubernetes version requirements

The reference images are each built to support a specific version of Kubernetes. When using your custom images based on them, take care to match the image to the version: field of the KubeadmControlPlane and MachineDeployment in the YAML template for your workload cluster.

Creating a cluster from a custom image

To use a custom image, it needs to be referenced in an image: section of your CloudStackMachineTemplate. Be sure to also update the version in the KubeadmControlPlane and MachineDeployment cluster spec.

kind: CloudStackMachineTemplate
  name: capi-quickstart-control-plane
      offering: ControlPlaneOffering
      template: custom-image-name

Upgrading Kubernetes Versions

To upgrade to a new Kubernetes release with custom images requires this preparation:

  • Create a new custom image which supports the Kubernetes release version
  • Register the custom image as a template in Apache CloudStack
  • Copy the existing CloudStackMachineTemplate and change its image: section to reference the new custom image
  • Create the new CloudStackMachineTemplate on the management cluster
  • Modify the existing KubeadmControlPlane and MachineDeployment to reference the new CloudStackMachineTemplate and update the version: field to match

See Upgrading workload clusters for more details.